Ancient Greece Mythology

Electra

Orestes, Electra and Hermes at the tomb of Agamemnon, lucanian red-figure pelike, ca. 380 - 370 BC, Louvre
Orestes, Electra and Hermes at the tomb of Agamemnon, lucanian red-figure pelike, ca. 380 - 370 BC, Louvre
Electra was the daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra, the king and queen of Mycenae. When Electra's father returned from the Trojan war, her mother, Clytemnestra and her lover, Aegisthus killed him. They also killed Cassandra, a concubine of Agamemnon from the Trojan war.
Electra managed to save her brother Orestes from Aegisthus. She sent him to the King Strophius. After that, Electra lived with a feeling of taking revenge, dreaming only of vengence on them for killing her father.
Delphic oracle ordered Orestes to return home and take revange of his father's death. Electra and Orestes returned to Mycenae, their home.
According to Aeschylus, they met each other before the tomb of Agamemnon, where both had gone to perform rites to the dead. Orestes with the help of Pylades, the son of King Strophius of Phocis (who had cared for Orestes while he hid from his mother and her lover), killed Clytemnestra and Aegisthus. Electra supported and helped Orestes to take revenge of their father.
Pylades and Electra fell in love and married. She was the mother of Medon and Strophius.
Many dramas and movies are written on Electra, To name the few:
  • The Oresteia, a trilogy of plays by Aeschylus
  • Electra, drama by Danilo Kis
  • Electra, play by Sophocles
  • Electra, play by Euripides
  • Elektra, a play by Hugo von Hofmannsthal, based on the Sophocles play.
  • Electra, film by Michael Cacoyannis, starring Irene Papas, based on Euripides.
  • Elektra, opera by Richard Strauss
  • Elektra, opera by Mikis Theodorakis.

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